voisr HUMBOILBT. means to treat those summoned with a spirit of libe- rality. In a word, to do for this new institution in an appropriate manner ..and on a larger scale, what Muneh- hausen had once done for Gottingen, and the Govern- ment of "Weimar for Jena., and then success was certain, As soon as Huinboldt had reconciled himself to the idea of erecting the new university in Berlin,—and this seems to have been before his accession to office,— he was heart and soul in the cause, aiid on the 25th March, 1809, already his associate,, Silvern, wrote from Konigsberg to Professor Sehutz, in Halle: " Herr von Humboldt is very much occupied with plans for the new Berlin university ; it is now his favourite theme, and although nothing has l^herto been de- cided, there is a great probability, if the state only re- mains at peace, that the new institution will be founded. Persuaded by Humboldt's representations, the "king, by an order in council of the 16th August, 1809, gave his definite consent to the proposed undertaking. The new academy was to have the privilege of granting academic dignities ; the academies of art and science, as well as^ all the scientific institutions and collections of the capital, were, under the immediate direction, of the department of public instruction, to be combined with this new high school. An annual sum of 150,000 thalers (about 22,500L) was granted for these insti- tutions, and of this sum 60,000 thalers (9000L) were to be devoted to the university. The king presented to them for a university house the splendid palace of Prince Henry, situated in a central position in the town. This Hberality in granting the necessaryjfand& was beyond all anticipation. It was the highest example of a real acknowledgment of the importance of science and knowledge which a state lias ever yet given, for it was given during a most disastrous tame^ and during great financial distress, and was intended as a means for salvation and renovation. The king had • expressed his wish that the' raaveamty might be opened in the autumn, of 1810, &ad the exertions to complete all the arrangements were now* therefore^ redoubled.